Module Atd.Ast

type loc = Stdlib.Lexing.position * Stdlib.Lexing.position

A location in the source code.

exception Atd_error of string

Exception raised by functions of the atd library and indicating errors.

type annot = annot_section list

An annotation, consisting of a sequence of sections. Annot provides utilities for handling annotations.

and annot_section = string * (loc * annot_field list)

represents a single annotation within edgy brackets. <"foo" bar baz="123" .thing="abc"> in ATD syntax translates to:

("foo", (loc1, [ ("bar", (loc2, None));
                 ("baz", (loc3, Some "123"));
                 ("", (loc4, Some "abc")) ] ))
and annot_field = string * (loc * string option)

An annotation field, i.e. a key with an optional value within an annotation.

type full_module = module_head * module_body

Contents of an ATD file.

and module_head = loc * annot

The head of an ATD file is just a list of annotations.

and module_body = module_item list

The body of an ATD file is a list of type definitions. Type definitions are implicitely mutually recursive. They can be sorted based on dependencies using Atd.Util.tsort.

and module_item =
| Type of type_def

There is currently only one kind of module items, that is single type definitions.

and type_def = loc * (string * type_param * annot) * type_expr

A type definition.

and type_param = string list

List of type variables without the tick.

and type_expr =
| Sum of loc * variant list * annot
| Record of loc * field list * annot
| Tuple of loc * cell list * annot
| List of loc * type_expr * annot
| Option of loc * type_expr * annot
| Nullable of loc * type_expr * annot
| Shared of loc * type_expr * annot
| Wrap of loc * type_expr * annot
| Name of loc * type_inst * annot
| Tvar of loc * string

A type expression is one of the following:

  • Sum: a sum type (within square brackets)
  • Record: a record type (within curly braces)
  • Tuple: a tuple (within parentheses)
  • List: a list type written list with its parameter e.g. int list
  • Option: an option type written option with its parameter e.g. string option
  • Nullable: adds a null value to a type. Option should be preferred over Nullable since it makes it possible to distinguish Some None from None.
  • Shared: values for which sharing must be preserved. Such type expressions may not be parametrized. Values may only be shared if the source location of the type expression is the same.
  • Wrap: optional wrapping of a type. For example, a timestamp represented as a string can be wrapped within a proper time type. In that case, the wrapper would parse the timestamp and convert it into the internal representation of its choice. Unwrapping would consist in converting it back to a string.
  • Name: a type name other than list or option, including the predefined types unit, bool, int, float, string and abstract.
  • Tvar: a type variable identifier without the tick
and type_inst = loc * string * type_expr list

A type name and its arguments

and variant =
| Variant of loc * string * annot * type_expr option
| Inherit of loc * type_expr

A single variant or an inherit statement. Inherit statements can be expanded into variants using Atd_inherit or at loading time using the inherit_variant option offered by the Util functions.

and cell = loc * type_expr * annot

Tuple cell. Note that annotations placed before the type expression are supported and represented here, such as the third cell in (float * float * <ocaml default="0.0"> float).

and field_kind =
| Required
| Optional
| With_default

Different kinds of record fields based on the

  • Required: required field, e.g. id : string
  • Optional: optional field without a default value, e.g. ?name : string option. The ATD type of the field value must be an option type.
  • With_default: optional field with a default value, e.g. ~websites : string list. The default value may be implicit or specified explicitely using annotations. Each target language that cannot omit fields may have to specify the default in its own syntax.

Sample ATD file:

type level = [ Beginner | Advanced | Expert ]

type user = \{
  id : string;

  ?name : string option;
    (* Field may be omitted when no value is set, if permitted
       by the target language. *)

  ~websites : string list;
    (* Implicit default: empty list.
       Field may be omitted if the field value is
       equal to the default value and the
       target language permits it. *)

  ~level <ocaml default="`Beginner"> : level;
    (* Explicit default for `ocaml'.
       For instance there is no `json' annotation because
       the default for undefined `JSON' fields would be to omit them. *)
and field = [
| `Field of loc * (string * field_kind * annot) * type_expr
| `Inherit of loc * type_expr

A single record field or an inherit statement. `Inherit statements can be expanded into fields using Atd_inherit or at loading time using the inherit_fields option offered by the Util functions.

val loc_of_type_expr : type_expr -> loc

Extract the source location of any type expression.

val set_type_expr_loc : loc -> type_expr -> type_expr

Replace the location of the given expression. This is a shallow substitution. Sub-expressions are not affected.

val string_of_loc : loc -> string

Convert a location into a human-readable string such as File "foo.atd", line 123, characters 40-45.

val error : string -> 'a

error s is a shorthand for raise (Atd_error s).

val error_at : loc -> string -> 'a

error_at loc s raises Atd_error s' where s' is the location followed by s.

val dummy_loc : loc

Dummy value for predefined constructs that are not associated with a useful source location. Should not show up in error messages.

val annot_of_type_expr : type_expr -> annot

Return the annotations associated with a type expression. Note that there can be annotations in a variety of places, not just after type expressions.

val map_annot : (annot -> annot) -> type_expr -> type_expr

Replacement of the annotations associated with a type expression. This is a shallow transformation. Sub-expressions are not affected.

val map_all_annot : (annot -> annot) -> full_module -> full_module

Replacement of all annotations occurring in an ATD module.

val fold : (type_expr -> 'a -> 'a) -> type_expr -> 'a -> 'a

Iteration and accumulation over each type_expr node within a given type_expr.

val extract_type_names : ?⁠ignorable:string list -> type_expr -> string list

Extract all the type names occurring in a type expression under `Name, without duplicates.

parameter ignorable

specifies a list of type names to exclude from the result

val is_parametrized : type_expr -> bool

Test whether a type expression contains type variables (`Tvar).

val is_required : field_kind -> bool